Fungal Infections: Causes, Types and Symptoms
Fungi is present in abundance in nature. Though there are over 3 million fungi species, only 300 of those are known to be the causes of fungal diseases in humans. Fungi, just like bacteria, are present in/on the human body.
Fungal Infection and Its Symptoms
Fungal infections are common in areas which are warm and moist. An area in the body that sees a fungal attack or an overgrowth which our body’s immune system finds hard to deal with, causes fungal infection. Symptoms could be redness and rashes in the skin, skin irritation, constant itching, skin peeling or cracks.
In this article, we’ll talk about the causes of fungal infections, their types and symptoms. Read on to know.
Causes of Fungal Infections
The most common causes of fungal infection are:
Types of Fungal Infections
There are several types of fungal infections, common ones are:
1. Athlete’s Foot
As the name suggests, this infection affects the feet and is common in people who are into sports, exercising, and physical activities that require them to wear closed-toed footwear. Wearing such shoes can lead to excessive sweating, thereby giving fungi a suitable breeding ground.
2. Itching in the Groin
Also referred to as jock itch, this happens mainly due to extreme sweating. Due to warmth and moisture, the fungi in this area tends to grow rapidly thereby causing infecting the groin, inner thighs, and buttocks region.
It is important to address this issue in time because if left untreated, there are chances of a spread to the abdomen. To tackle it, medical assistance is recommended. Apart from that, maintain personal hygiene, use antifungal ointments and wear loose-fitted clothes.
3. Itching Under the Breasts
Those areas of the skin, where there are folds, fungal infections are common. Apart from this, wherever there is a chance of friction with skin, fungal infection can happen. One such area is under the breasts. Excessive sweating or rubbing of skin between the layers of the skin can lead to rashes.
Noticing the symptoms, it is important to get it checked by a dermatologist so as to identify the right treatment.
Easily noticeable, this fungal infection leaves the skin flaky or scaly. These patches are red and circular in nature and seem elevated from the skin. These can spread to surrounding areas if not treated in time. Moreover, it is contagious and can spread from skin to skin contact, with humans or pets, from infected soil, dirt or objects. These can affect scalp too, and in some cases, severely. Thus, ensure precautions such as maintaining personal hygiene, wearing clean clothes, washing the infected area with soap and water and drying, applying the prescribed ointments.
Other Common Fungal Infections
Apart from the above infections, the other common fungal skin infections are: